Section 26. Duties and Functions. Committees shall study, deliberate on and act upon all measures referred to them inclusive of bills, resolutions and petitions, and shall recommend for approval or adoption by the House those that, in their judgment, advance the interests and promote the welfare of the people.
In furtherance thereof, committees shall establish appropriate systems and procedures to ensure that constituencies, sectors and groups whose interests are affected by any pending measure are given sufficient opportunities to be heard. Committees shall pursue dialogues and consultations with affected sectors and constituencies, conduct researches, and engage the services and assistance of experts and professionals from the public or private sectors as may be needed in the performance of their functions.
Committees shall have oversight responsibilities to determine whether laws and programs addressing subjects within their jurisdictions are being implemented and carried out in accordance with the intent of Congress and whether they should be continued, curtailed, or eliminated. In the performance of these responsibilities, committees shall review and study on a continuing basis, or upon order of the House:
Each committee may establish an oversight subcommittee, or require its subcommittees to conduct oversight within their respective jurisdictions, to assist in carrying out its oversight function.
The Speaker, with the approval of the House, may create ad hoc oversight committees for the purpose of reviewing specific matters within the jurisdictions of more than two (2) committees.
Committees may also, motu proprio, upon a majority vote of all their Members, conduct hearings and inquiries on issues and concerns within their respective jurisdictions.
Section 27. Kinds. The House shall have standing and special committees that shall be organized, except for the Committee on Rules, on the basis of proportional representation of the Majority and the Minority.
Standing committees shall have jurisdiction over measures relating to needs, concerns, issues and interests affecting the general welfare and which require continuing or comprehensive legislative study, attention and action. Special committees are intended to address measures relating to special or urgent needs, concerns, issues and interests of certain sectors or constituencies requiring immediate legislative action, or to such needs, concerns, issues and interests that may fall within the scope of the jurisdiction of a standing committee, but which the standing committee concerned is unable to act upon with needed dispatch
Section 28. Standing Committees. The House shall, upon the recommendation of the Committee on Rules, organize the following standing committees, the membership and jurisdictions of which shall be as hereinafter stated:
a. Accounts, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the internal budget of the House including budget preparation, submission and approval, disbursements, accounting and financial operations.
b. Agrarian Reform, 40 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to agrarian reform, the resettlement of and other support services for agrarian reform beneficiaries, and the implementation and amendment of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law.
c. Agriculture and Food, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to food and agricultural production, agribusiness, agri-economics, agricultural research and technology, agricultural education including extension services, soil conservation, soil survey and research, irrigation, farm credit and security, animal industry and quarantine, and crop and livestock production, insurance, and guarantee programs.
d. Appropriations, 125 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the expenditures of the national government including payment of public indebtedness, creation or abolition and classification of positions in government, and the determination of salaries, allowances and benefits of government personnel.
e. Aquaculture and Fisheries Resources, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to aquaculture and fisheries production and development, the business of aquaculture, use of aquatic resources, fresh water and fisheries culture research and technology applications, aquaculture and fisheries education and training including extension services, conservation of streams, rivers, lakes and other fisheries resources, and fishpond and fisheries culture production and development including related technical, financial and guarantee assistance programs.
f. Banks and Financial Intermediaries, 45 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to banking and currency, government-owned or controlled banks and financial institutions, non-government banks and financial institutions, insurance, securities and securities exchange.
g. Basic Education and Culture, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to pre-school, elementary and secondary education, science high schools except the Philippine Science High School System, teachers and students' welfare, alternative learning systems and community adult education, the national language, libraries and museums, and the preservation and enrichment of Filipino arts and culture.
h. Civil Service and Professional Regulation, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the organization, operation, management, rules and regulations of the civil service; the status, welfare and benefits of government officers and employees; and the regulation of admission to and the practice of professions.
i. Constitutional Amendments, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to amendments or revisions of the Constitution.
j. Cooperatives Development, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to cooperatives inclusive of cooperative movements and organizations; urban and rural-based credit, consumer, producers, marketing, service and multi-purpose cooperatives; electric cooperatives registered with the Cooperative Development Authority; and the implementation or amendment of the Cooperative Code of the Philippines.
k. Dangerous Drugs, 45 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to illegal or prohibited drugs, controlled precursors and essential chemicals, the production, manufacture, use and trafficking thereof, as well as the rehabilitation and treatment of drug dependents.
l. Ecology, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to ecosystem management including pollution control.
m. Economic Affairs, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to economic development planning and programs inclusive of economic and socio-economic studies and development policies and strategies.
n. Energy, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the exploration, development, utilization or conservation of energy resources, and the entities involved in energy or power generation, transmission, distribution and supply.
o. Ethics and Privileges, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the duties, conduct, rights, privileges and immunities, dignity, integrity and reputation of the House and its Members.
p. Foreign Affairs, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the relations of the Philippines with other countries, diplomatic and consular services, the United Nations and its agencies, and other international organizations and agencies.
q. Games and Amusements, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to all forms and places of gaming and amusements.
r. Good Government and Public Accountability, 45 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to malfeasance, misfeasance and nonfeasance in office committed by officers and employees of the government and its political subdivisions and instrumentalities inclusive of investigations of any matter of public interest on its own initiative or upon order of the House.
s. Government Enterprises and Privatization, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the creation, organization, operation, reorganization and amendments of charters of government-owned or controlled corporations including the Government Service Insurance System, the Social Security System and similar institutions, but excluding government-owned or controlled banks and financial institutions.
t. Government Reorganization, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the reorganization of the government or any of its branches, departments and instrumentalities, excluding government-owned or controlled corporations, and the creation, abolition or change of the principal functions or nature of any government department, agency, commission or board.
u. Health, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to public health and hygiene, and quarantine, medical, hospital and other health facilities and services.
v. Higher and Technical Education, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to post-secondary and tertiary education, technical education, distance education, students and teachers' welfare, and centers of excellence.
w. Housing and Urban Development, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to shelter delivery including services, agencies and instrumentalities of government related thereto, and the management of urbanization issues and concerns such as, among others, urban planning and development, urban land reform and welfare of the urban poor in the overall context of enhancing housing and shelter services delivery.
x. Human Rights, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the protection and enhancement of human rights, assistance to victims of human rights violations and their families, the prevention of violations of human rights and the punishment of perpetrators of such violations.
y. Information and Communications Technology, 55 Members. All matters relating to postal, telegraph, radio, broadcast, cable television, telephone, convergence, computers and telecommunications technologies including but not limited to broadband access to wired and wireless connectivity to the internet such as voice over internet protocol (VOIP), video conferencing, and audio/video/data streaming; any and all other public and private electronic means of capturing, processing, storing and transmitting information for information technology; information systems inclusive of hardware, software and content applications; mobile short messaging system (SMS) applications affecting upstream and downstream business applications; and networks that enable access to online technology.
z. Inter-Parliamentary Relations and Diplomacy, 45 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to inter-parliamentary relations and linkages with international parliamentary organizations such as but not limited to the Asean Interparliamentary Assembly (AIPA), Asian-Pacific Parliamentarians' Union (APPU), Asian Parliamentary Assembly (APA) and the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU); establishment of interparliamentary friendship societies; and visits of parliamentary delegations as well as other foreign dignitaries.
aa. Justice, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the administration of justice, the Judiciary, the practice of law and integration of the Bar, legal aid, penitentiaries and reform schools, adult probation, impeachment proceedings, registration of land titles, immigration, deportation, naturalization, and the definition of crimes and other offenses punishable by law and their penalties.
bb. Labor and Employment, 40 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to labor, the advancement and protection of the rights and welfare of workers, employment and manpower development inclusive of the promotion of industrial peace and employeremployee cooperation, labor education, labor standards and statistics, and the organization and development of the labor market including the recruitment, training and placement of manpower.
cc. Legislative Franchises, 45 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the grant, amendment, extension or revocation of franchises.
dd. Local Government, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to autonomous regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays including their revenues and expenditures.
ee. Metro Manila Development, 30 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs to promote and enhance the development of the Metro Manila area.
ff. Mindanao Affairs, 60 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the development of Mindanao including the preparation of a comprehensive and integrated development plan for Mindanao.
gg. Muslim Affairs, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to Muslim affairs inclusive of the welfare of Muslim Filipinos and the development of predominantly Muslim areas.
hh. National Cultural Communities, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to national cultural communities and the development of predominantly cultural community areas.
ii. National Defense and Security, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to national defense and national security, the Armed Forces of the Philippines, citizens army, selective services, forts and arsenals, military bases, reservations and yards, coast and geodetic surveys, and disaster relief and rescue.
jj. Natural Resources, 65 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to natural resources, except energy and fisheries resources, and their exploration, conservation, management and utilization, lands of the public domain, mines and minerals, forests, parks and wildlife, and marine resources.
kk. Overseas Workers Affairs, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs on the promotion and protection of the rights and welfare of overseas Filipino workers and their families.
ll. People's Participation, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the role, rights and responsibilities of people's organizations, non-government and civic organizations, and other similar groups, and the establishment of mechanisms for consultation with and participation of the people in governance and in legislation including the establishment and maintenance of a databank on all such organizations.
mm. Population and Family Relations, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to population growth and family planning, population census and statistics, family relations and care of the elderly.
nn. Poverty Alleviation, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs to address the poverty situation in the country and other actions to alleviate the plight of the poor and promote their right to equal access to opportunities for a better quality of life.
oo. Public Information, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the production and dissemination of information to the public through all forms of mass communications and media such as print and broadcast media, movie and television, video, advertising, cable television and the internet, including the regulation thereof, and the rights and responsibilities of persons and entities engaged therein.
pp. Public Order and Safety, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the suppression of criminality including those on illegal gambling, private armies, terrorism, organized crime and illegal drugs, regulation of firearms, firecrackers and pyrotechnics, civil defense, private security agencies, and the Philippine National Police.
qq. Public Works and Highways, 95 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the planning, construction, maintenance, improvement and repair of public infrastructure inclusive of buildings, highways, bridges, roads, parks, drainage, flood control and protection, water utilities and utilization of waters of the public domain.
rr. Revision of Laws, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the revision and codification of laws.
ss. Rules, 30 Members. All matters relating to the Rules of the House, Rules of Procedure Governing Inquiries in Aid of Legislation, Rules of Procedure in Impeachment Proceedings, Order of Business, Calendar of Business, the referral of bills, resolutions, speeches, committee reports, messages, memorials and petitions, and the creation of committees inclusive of determining their respective jurisdictions. The Majority Leader shall be the chairperson, the Deputy Majority Leaders shall be the Vice-Chairpersons, and the Minority Leader and the Deputy Minority Leaders shall be members of the committee: Provided, That, the Majority Leader of the House of Representatives of the immediately preceding Congress who is still a member of the present House of Representatives shall be an ex-officio Member of the Committee on Rules.
tt. Rural Development, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the development of rural areas and islands through policies, programs, support services and other interventions to include livelihood and enterprise development, microfinancing, community mobilization and development, area development planning, and access to rural project funding and financing.
uu. Science and Technology, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to science and technology including scientific and technological research and development, technology transfer, science and technology education including the Philippine Science High School System, intellectual property rights on biotechnology, and climate and weather forecasting.
vv. Small Business and Entrepreneurship Development, 25 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs on entrepreneurship development including the promotion of entrepreneurship, support to entrepreneurs, and the establishment and continuing viability and growth of small and medium-scale enterprises.
ww. Social Services, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to social development and welfare of persons with disabilities or special needs including social services and interventions that develop and enhance the quality of individual and community life.
xx. Suffrage and Electoral Reforms, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the protection and advancement of the right of suffrage and the conduct of elections, plebiscites, initiatives, recalls and referenda.
yy. Tourism, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the development and promotion of tourism both domestic and international.
zz. Trade and Industry, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to domestic and foreign trade, intellectual property rights, patents, trade names and trademarks, standards, weights and measures, designs, quality control, consumer protection, prices and marketing of commodities, handicrafts and cottage industries, and the development, regulation and diversification of industry and investments.
aaa. Transportation, 85 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to land, sea, and air transportation and all public utilities and services connected thereto, as well as the establishment, operation, management and regulation of airports, seaports and other mass transportation systems including light and heavy rail systems and roll on-roll off systems (RO-RO), civil aviation, air transport agreements, transportation safety standards, air transport security, maritime security, ballast water management, ship financing, ship mortgage, maritime liens and transportation related insurance.
bbb. Veterans Affairs and Welfare, 30 members. All matters directly and principally relating to the welfare of war veterans, veterans of military campaigns, military retirees, and their surviving spouses and other beneficiaries.
ccc. Ways and Means, 75 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the fiscal, monetary and financial affairs of the national government including tariff, taxation, revenues, borrowing, credit and bonded indebtedness.
ddd. Welfare of Children, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the needs, education and overall welfare of Filipino children, and all actions to ensure the availability of and their continuing access to affordable and appropriate programs and resources that facilitate and contribute to the attainment of their welfare.
eee. Women and Gender Equality, 55 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the rights and welfare of women and female children and youth, inclusive of their education, employment, working conditions, and their role in nation building, and all concerns relating to gender equality.
fff. Youth and Sports Development, 35 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to youth development including the development of their leadership potentials and the promotion of their moral, physical, intellectual and social well-being, and sports development.
Section 29. Sub-committees. Each standing committee may create such sub-committees as may be necessary for the efficient and effective performance of its functions.
Section 30. Members and Officers. Members of each committee constituting the Majority and the Minority therein shall be chosen by the Majority and Minority, respectively. Their membership shall be affirmed in plenary session upon motion of the Majority Leader and Minority Leader, as the case may be, and shall not be subject to a division of the House. As far as practicable, each region shall be represented in every committee. The Speaker, the six (6) Deputy Speakers, the Majority Leader, the eight (8) Deputy Majority Leaders, the Minority Leader and the five (5) Deputy Minority Leaders and the Chairperson of the Committee on Accounts or a Member deputized by any of them shall have voice and vote in all committees.
Every standing committee shall have a chairperson and at least two (2) vicechairpersons. The Member elected whose name appears first on the list of committee members shall be the chairperson and the Members whose names appear successively thereafter shall be the vice-chairpersons which number shall be determined in accordance with the following:
Except the Committee on Rules, a committee of twenty (20) to thirty-five (35) Members shall have four (4) vice-chairpersons; a committee of forty (40) to fifty-five (55) Members shall have six (6) vice-chairpersons; a committee of sixty (60) to seventy-five (75) Members shall have eight (8) vice-chairpersons; a committee of eighty (80) to one hundred (100) Members shall have ten (10) vice-chairpersons; and a committee with more than one hundred (100) Members shall have no more than twenty (20) vice-chairpersons.
A Member who is the author of a bill or a resolution referred to a committee or, if there be several authors, the first two authors named in the bill or resolution, or their duly designated co-authors, as the case may be, shall be considered as members of the committee of referral for the purpose and throughout the duration of the consideration of said bill or resolution, but shall have no vote in the committee.
Section 31. Vacancy and Succession. A vacancy in any committee shall be filled upon motion of the Majority Leader or the Minority Leader, as the case may be, and by affirmation of such action by the House in plenary session: Provided, That the proportional representation of the Majority and the Minority in the committee is maintained.
In case of absence or temporary incapacity of the committee chairperson, the highest ranking vice-chairperson or the Member whose name is next succeeding to the chairperson in the list of committee Members shall automatically assume the duties of the chairperson until such time that the latter returns to office and resumes work. In case of absence or temporary incapacity of the highest ranking vice-chairperson, the Member next in succession in the list of committee Members shall automatically assume the duties of chairperson and so on.
In case of vacancy in the position of committee chairperson by reason of death, resignation, permanent disability or removal, the vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as when the chairperson is absent or temporarily incapacitated The Member who succeeds shall perform the duties of chairperson only until such time that a new chairperson is chosen and assumes office in accordance with Section 30 hereof.
Section 32. Limitations. A Member of the House cannot serve as chairperson of more than one (1) committee. A Member of the House panel in the Commission on Appointments or the House Electoral Tribunal cannot serve as chairperson of any committee.
A Member of a committee shall not participate in committee deliberations or vote on any matter that directly or indirectly affects the Member's business, financial or pecuniary interest.
Section 33. Special Committees. The Committee on Rules may, motu proprio or upon request of any Member, recommend to the House, for its approval, the organization of special committees on the basis of proportional representation of the Majority and the Minority, and shall determine their membership and jurisdictions. Their members shall be chosen and their membership affirmed in the same manner as those of standing committees and they shall exercise the same powers as standing committees.
The House shall, upon the recommendation of the Committee on Rules, organize the following special committees the membership and jurisdictions of which shall be as hereinafter stated:
a. Special Committee on Bases Conversion, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs relating to bases conversion, the operation of special economic zones in former military bases, sale of military camps, and disposition of proceeds thereof, relocation of military camps and personnel and the construction of new military camps.
b. Special Committee on Bicol Recovery and Economic Development, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs to promote and enhance the development of the Bicol area inclusive of developmental projects, care programs and the Bicol river basin project.
c. Special Committee on East Asean Growth Area, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to social, political and economic policies affecting the countries within the area, and the promotion of trade and investment among these countries.
d. Special Committee on Food Security, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to programs and policies relating to food production and distribution, including the factors affecting food supply in the country, and other actions intended to achieve sustained growth and self-reliance in the production of basic food commodities, the availability and accessibility of these commodities to the people, and long-term food security for the nation.
e.Special Committee on Globalization and WTO, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the effects on various social sectors of WTO policies and other actions to harness opportunities offered by globalization for economic development.
f. Special Committee on Land Use, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to land use issues inclusive of the enhancement of resource use and management of indigenous cultural communities, land valuation regulation, preservation of historical and cultural heritage sites, and public-private partnership as well as linkages among national and local agencies and stakeholders in land resource management.
g. Special Committee on Millennium Development Goals, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the achievement of the country's commitment to the millennium development goals by 2015 including eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and empowering women, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health, combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, ensuring environmental sustainability and developing global partnership for development.
h. Special Committee on the North Luzon Growth Quadrangle, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to all policies and programs concerning the development of municipalities, cities, provinces and other local communities in the northwest Luzon area, and other actions to promote growth and expand avenues of economic cooperation with contiguous areas.
i. Special Committee on Peace, Reconciliation and Unity, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to negotiations and other policy and program initiatives in pursuit of the peace process and national reconciliation, the cessation of hostilities generated by internal armed conflicts, and the welfare of rebel-returnees.
j. Special Committee on Reforestation, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to policies and programs on reforestation including the effects of forest denudation, and other actions to ensure the implementation of a sustained communitybased nationwide reforestation program.
k. Special Committee on Southern Tagalog Development, 20 Members. All matters directly and principally relating to the development of the Southern Tagalog area inclusive of those affecting agricultural areas, tourism, economic and industrial estates, and processing areas therein.
Section 34. Rules of Committees. Standing and special committees may adopt their own rules by a majority vote of all their members: Provided, That these rules are consistent with the Rules of the House and will not expand or in any way alter their jurisdictions as provided herein. The committees shall furnish the Committee on Rules with a copy of their rules.
Section 35. Place, Time and Notice of Meetings. All committees and subcommittees shall conduct their meetings, conferences or hearings at such time they may determine in the House building or, whenever necessary, in any government office or facility. They may, however, be held in any other place when authorized by the Speaker or when so authorized by the House. Only the Committee on Rules and such committees to which it has granted permission, may meet while the House is in plenary session, has adjourned, or is in recess.
Members shall be notified in writing and, as far as practicable, through electronic mail three (3) calendar days before a regularly scheduled committee or sub- committee meeting, conference or hearing. Such notices shall specify the date, time and place of the meeting, the measures and other matters to be taken up and the names of the resource persons invited. It shall include, as far as practicable, copies of the measures together with fact sheets, research data and other information materials related thereto.
The committees or sub-committees, through their respective Committee Secretariats, shall undertake measures to ensure that public notices or announcements regarding the conduct of any of its meetings or public hearings are issued in writing at least three (3) days before said meeting, conference or hearing and, as far as practicable, through electronic mail or through posting in the House of Representatives website. They shall undertake measures and establish systems to ensure that constituencies, sectors or groups whose welfare and interests are directly affected by measures to be discussed are enabled to participate in these meetings or public hearings. Meetings and public hearings shall be open to the public subject to reasonable regulations in the interest of security, order, and the safety of persons in attendance.
A bill, resolution or petition shall be set for hearing only after it has been referred in plenary session to an appropriate committee. Members of a committee or sub-committee shall be notified in writing and, as far as practicable, through electronic mail at least five (5) calendar days before the initial hearing on any bill, resolution or petition.
The committees and sub-committees, as far as practicable, shall schedule bills, resolutions or petitions on similar or related subject matters for the same meeting or hearing.
Section 36. Attendance in Meetings. Every Member of a committee shall be present in all the committee meetings and public hearings unless prevented from doing so by sickness and other unavoidable circumstances duly reported to the concerned committee through the Committee Secretary. A Member of a committee who incurs three (3) consecutive unexplained absences within a regular session shall forfeit membership in that committee.
Section 37. Regular and Special Meetings. The committees shall hold regular meetings at least twice a month. Special meetings may be held by the committee which may be called by the chairperson or by one-fourth (1/4) of its Members. Provided, that the Members shall be notified in writing and, as far as practicable, through electronic mail indicating therein the date, time, place and agenda of the meeting.
One-fifth (1/5) of all the Members of a committee or subcommittee shall constitute a quorum. However, a committee or subcommittee may authorize a smaller number to conduct public hearings on measures pending before it.
The Speaker, the Deputy Speakers, the Majority Leader, the Deputy Majority Leaders, the Minority Leader, the Deputy Minority Leaders and the Chairperson of the Committee on Accounts or the Members deputized by them shall be included in the total number of committee members for purposes of determining the existence of a quorum if they are present in a meeting.
In cases of joint meetings, a quorum must be present in each of the committees concerned.
When a committee decides to hold an executive meeting, only those persons specifically authorized by the committee shall be admitted to the meeting. They shall
preserve the confidentiality of everything read or discussed in the meeting.
Section 38. Public Hearings. Committees and sub-committees may hold public hearings on any measure: Provided, That the measure is made available to the public and notices are issued in writing and, as far as practicable, through electronic mail or through the House website three (3) days before the scheduled date of the hearing..
Section 39. Committee Reports and Orders. Committee reports or orders on any bill, resolution, speech, message, memorial or petition shall be considered in formal meetings and approved by a majority of the Members present, there being a quorum. A committee report, once approved, shall be signed by the chairperson of the committee.
In cases of joint referrals, majority of the Members present in each committee, there being a quorum, is required to act upon or approve a committee report. The committee report shall be signed by the chairpersons of the committees concerned.
Once a committee report is approved, the report and the corresponding measure it covers shall no longer be subject to any change, amendment or alteration, except correction(s) of typographical errors.
Technical working groups may be conducted to ensure that measures and their corresponding committee reports are carefully crafted and faithfully express the ideas, sentiments and consensus of the committee relative to said measures and reports.
When a committee submits a report, a Member thereof shall be presumed to have concurred with the report and shall be precluded from opposing the same during plenary debate unless the member files an objection or dissenting vote in writing with the Secretary General within seven (7) calendar days from the inclusion thereof in the Order of Business, or is allowed to do so by the Speaker upon satisfactory explanation in writing made by the Member within the same period. Dissenting opinion(s), if any, shall, as far as practicable, be attached to the committee report.
Section 40. Reconsideration. When a measure is adopted or lost, a Member of the committee who voted with the majority may move for its reconsideration during the same meeting or on the same or succeeding day after the meeting, in which case the motion for reconsideration shall be made in writing. Only one (1) motion for reconsideration shall be allowed.
Section 41. Reports of the Committee on Rules. The Committee on Rules may meet any time and report on any matter within its jurisdiction or referred to it by the House for its determination. The consideration of its reports shall always be in order.