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I. CONVENING AND ORGANIZING THE HOUSE
Section 1. First Meeting and Organization of the House. The Members shall meet and proceed to the organization of the House on the fourth Monday of July immediately following their election at the place designated for the holding of their sessions.
The Secretary General of the immediately preceding Congress shall preside over the inaugural session of the House until the election of a new Speaker. As presiding officer, the Secretary General shall call the session to order, call the roll of Members by provinces, cities and municipalities comprising districts, and by party-lists in alphabetical order, designate an acting Floor Leader, and preserve order and decorum.
After the designation of an acting Floor Leader, the body shall proceed to the election of the Speaker. The Speaker shall be elected by a majority vote of all the Members through a roll call vote with Members casting their vote without explanation. The presiding officer shall record the vote of each Member in the Journal.
After the oath-taking of the newly-elected Speaker, the body shall proceed to the adoption of the rules of the immediately preceding Congress to govern its proceedings until the approval and adoption of the rules of the current Congress.
Thereafter, the body shall proceed to the election, in successive order, of the six (6) Deputy Speakers, the Secretary General and the Sergeant-at-Arms who shall be elected by a majority of the Members, there being a quorum.
Section 2. Convening of the House. The House shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session unless a different date is fixed by law, and shall continue to be in session for such number of days as it may determine through a legislative calendar: Provided, That a regular session shall end not later than thirty (30) days before the opening of the next regular session exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays. The President may call a special session at any time.
Section 3. Convening of the House in Exceptional Cases.
- Pursuant to Section 10, Article VII of the Constitution, the House shall, at ten o'clock in the morning of the third day after the vacancy in the offices of the President and Vice-President occurs, convene in accordance with its rules without need of a call and within seven days enact a law calling for a special election to elect a President and a Vice-President to be held not earlier than forty-five days nor later than sixty days from the time of such call. The bill calling such special election shall be deemed certified under paragraph 2, Section 26, Article VI of the Constitution and shall become law upon its approval on third reading by the Congress. Appropriations for the special elections shall be charged against any current appropriations and shall be exempt from the requirements of paragraph 4, Section 25, Article VI of the Constitution. The convening of the Congress cannot be suspended nor the special election postponed. No special election shall be called if the vacancy occurs within eighteen months before the date of the next presidential election;
- Whenever the President transmits to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives a written declaration of inability to discharge the powers and duties of the office of the President and until a written declaration to the contrary is transmitted to them, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.
Whenever a majority of all the members of the cabinet transmit to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.
Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives a written declaration that no inability exists, the President shall reassume the powers and duties of the office of the President. Meanwhile, should a majority of all the members of the cabinet transmit within five days to the President of the Senate and to the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office of the President, Congress shall decide the issue. For that purpose, Congress shall convene, if it is not in session, within forty-eight hours, in accordance with its rules and without need of call.
If Congress, within ten days after receipt of the last written declaration, or, if not in session, within twelve days after it is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses, voting separately, that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office of the President, the Vice-President shall act as the President; otherwise, the President shall continue exercising the powers and duties of the office; and
- Whenever the President suspends the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus or place the Philippines or any part thereof under martial law, the House, if not in session, shall, within twenty-four hours following such proclamation or suspension, convene in accordance with these rules without any need of a call.
SOURCE: Committee on Rules